There are definitely growth in the global populations that led to increase needs for foods. In the modern societies, most of our food come from commercially grown crops and livestocks. Growing crops is a risky business on its own - the business is dependent on the soil, the environment, weather and so on. That is how the fluctuation in crops prices such as cocoa powder come from. Consumers are screaming out loud against high food price. Food prices became premium and not everyone can afford what they used to be able to.
When I started studying food science, I envisioned how food technologies can be use to help with food inadequacy; to feed the starving people and people in need. Food technologies indeed are one of the best technologies created to preserve unused foods that would otherwise goes into the waste bin. No doubt about it but I am missing the connection between food science and food supply chain management. Population growth is not a driver to why we are not having sufficient food for everyone. It is how we need to get the correct amount of food to where it should be.
There were places where crops cannot be grown or cultivated. There were places where rich soils are not being used properly, contaminated soils and there are places where genetically modified crops are grown commercially. There were places where crops grown cannot be harvested nor processed on-time into edible foods. There were inaccurate sales forecast leading to insufficient or excessive foods transported to the local market. I am sure that these are issues that some of our global food supply chain colleagues are working on. The solution do not come easy- having just sufficient crop quantity and matching a forecast aren't an easy things to do.
The future of food need to start somehow by getting the supply chain run correctly - to prevent food from degradation, processed and use on time before these crops are deemed unusable. Throwing food away is costly for everyone and so is for the environment. Looking at ways where food can be transported directly where they should be- is an important act that we need to take rather than pointing fingers blaming population increase or hoping the best to come from genetically modified crops.
If we keep growing and wasting resources, we would need to go forward with what we seen as future of food defined y these terminologies: lab grown meats, insects and genetically modified crops. These aren't what nature meant to feed us with. While we are still capable to retain our farm land, protect them and bring food to those who need them- share the bountiful land that provide and support life as they were hundred, thousands of years ago. Show mother nature that we can sustain life better than we used to with modern food technologies and food supply chain management.