The issue of brown sugar and white sugar really is not that big of a deal. I came to notice it as food manufacturer is trying to use brown sugar as a healthier option to sugar. I questioned if it is really the case.
There were 2 types of brown sugar- refined brown sugar and unrefined brown sugar. In order to understand the difference between white and brown sugar, let's look at how white sugar is produced. White sugar is made by bleaching the molasses out from sugar beets at the last stage of production. Before the molasses is removed, it is really brown sugar. That is our unrefined brown sugar.
However, brown sugar can also be made through the addition of molasses back into our white sugar, making it a refined brown sugar. Of course, we will not be able to identify which type of brown sugar in any of the food product as it is not required by law.
Why should we choose between brown and white sugar? The difference is the presence of molasses that impart more flavors to our food such as beverage tea and oatmeals. Is brown sugar better in terms of health? Probably, no! Most brown sugar is the refined one- meaning more processing performed for those who prefer to take minimally processed food. In fact from the caloric value point of view, white sugar score 16kcal while brown sugar 17kcal.
I like to use it to match food such as oatmeals. Brown sugar tasted very well with oatmeals. Too much sugar can be detrimental to your health, so watch your sugar intake!